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Let's Get Steamed
Arctic Finland, also called Lapland, covers about one-third of Finland, about the same portion as lies north of the Arctic Circle. Helsinki is the northernmost national capital on the European continent and the second northernmost in the world - only Reykjavik, Iceland is farther north (although it's also part of Europe, it's not on the continent).
Most of Finland's 5,200,000 inhabitants live in the largest cities in the south with about 200,000 in the Arctic Area. There are nearly 7,000 Sami in Finland, of whom 4,000 live in the northern area.
Finland gained its independence from Russia in 1917 and is now a republic. The government also includes a Sami Parliament to address Sami rights and economic, social and cultural conditions. It is not an authority under the Finnish government and therefore has considerable independence.
The Finns are famous for their saunas - a small room or hut heated to about 80°C / 176°F and used for bathing as well as for mental and physical relaxation. There are approximately 2 million saunas in Finland for a total population of 5.2 million and they represent an important part of Finnish culture. Inviting a guest into a sauna is considered a courtesy similar to inviting them for a meal.
Finland is one of eight countries with a portion of its territory within the Arctic Circle. Do you know the others? Play the GAME!
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Library: Countries / Places
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?