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When it set out in 1845, the Franklin Expedition was considered to be the best equipped Arctic expedition ever mounted, but it turned out to be the biggest disaster in British expedition history. Not only did it fail, but the ships and most of the men completely disappeared (the wreck of the Erebus was eventually found in 2014, and the Terror was found in 2016) . Only a few of the men were found where they had been buried - preserved by the permafrost (Picture:Top).

There were however, some indirect benefits.

1. The size of the disaster created quite a buzz in England. Numerous searches were launched over the following years, keeping interest in the Arctic at a high level.

2. The search expeditions mapped many new areas, and made improvements to old maps. By 1859, most of the southern Arctic had been mapped.

3. The failure emphasized how poorly prepared explorers had been, and changes were made - often utilizing the survival methods of the Inuit.

4. There was a new level of respect for the Inuit. Instead of thinking of them as "Stone Age children", more advanced thinking recognized them as the key to survival in the North.

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Library: Franklin Expedition, Arctic
Exploration, Explorers
Links: Franklin Expedition, Inuit
Arctic, Northwest Passage
Maps: Northwest Passage
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports

Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

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