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String the Lights Around This Pole
The North Geomagnetic Pole is the north end of the axis of the magnetosphere, the geomagnetic field that surrounds the Earth and extends into space. It is the centre of the region in which the Northern Lights or "Aurora Borealis" can be seen.
It is therefore important to scientists who study the effects of auroras. From space, the instruments of satellites "see" the magnetic pole at a slightly different spot from its real location, and scientists working with satellite information use the Geomagnetic North Pole in their calculations.
This pole lies about 500 miles / 805 km east of the Magnetic North Pole and is presently located near Qaanaaq (Thule) in Greenland. We say "presently" because, like the Magnetic North Pole, it can move.
PICTURE: The auroral zone (red/yellow). The North Geomagnetic Pole is at the center.
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Northern Lights, Arctic
Links: Northern Lights, Arctic
Northern Lights: Slide Show!
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?