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Land of the Midnight Sun
In the Norwegian city of Hammerfest, the northernmost city in Europe, the sun shines 24 hours a day at the height of summer - giving Norway the title "Land of the Midnight Sun".
Norway is also known as the land of the Vikings. These seafaring warriors not only raided other European countries for two centuries (the raids tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by Norway's king in 994), but also colonized areas of Iceland, Greenland, and even the North American coast - centuries before Columbus made his famous voyage.
Famous for its fjords, Norway has one of most rugged and longest coastlines in the world with some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline.
The Kingdom of Norway is a constitutional monarchy, but the Norwegian Sami Parliament can deal with everything that has to do with the Sami people, giving them a certain amount of authority in areas such as language, culture, industry and education.
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Library: Arctic, Eurasia
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?