Athropolis HOME   |   Maps   |   Arctic Links   |   Arctic Library
Click to go HOME
From our library of things you should know about the Arctic

They Come Like Ghosts

Caribou, or reindeer, have been around for a long time. The earliest fossil evidence of of them comes from Germany and has been dated to about 440,000 years ago.

For thousands of years, Arctic cultures (such as the Inuit) have relied on them as a source of food and clothing. All parts of the animal were used, including the bones (tools and utensils), sinews (thread), and fat (light and heat).

An abundance of caribou meant feasts, celebrations and good times, while a shortage meant famine and hardship - and the supply of caribou was not always assured.

Their migration routes are often unpredicatable. They "come like ghosts, fill up the land, and vanish."

Perhaps that's why reindeer are herded by many Arctic peoples in Eurasia, including the Sami (Saami) in Scandinavia and the Nenets, Chukchi and others in Russia. Today, Sami reindeer herding is often carried out with the help of modern technology - snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, and helicopters are used to control and move the herds.

What was once a traditional subsistence activity has, in many cases, become a business enterprise.

Most attempts to keep reindeer as domesticated animals in North America failed however - people there preferred hunting to herding.

Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Animals, Inuit, Eurasia
Links: Arctic, Animals, Inuit
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports

Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

Search for more on this topic...from Athropolis!
(1) Click the button for Web (below) to search the World Wide Web
(2) Click button for
WWW.ATHROPOLIS.COM to search this web site

Icy Cold Jokes | Icy Games | E-mail | Athropolis HOME
Copyright 2005 Athropolis Productions Limited. The content of web sites that this site has links
to is the property of their respective owners, and Athropolis is not responsible for their content.