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Country Blows it's Top!

Iceland, like Hawaii, was formed by volcanoes, and although some parts of the island have hardly changed since the first Viking settlers saw them more than 1,100 years ago, other parts of it are still taking shape as a result of volcanic eruptions.

Only a small part of Iceland is presently within the Arctic Circle, but with those volcanoes - things may change!

Click for more information. The Mid-Atlantic ridge is a split in the Earth's crust dividing the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate. It appears to pass right through the center of Iceland, but in fact, Iceland grew up around the split in the plates as lava oozed through and flowed upward.

The Askja volcano eruption in 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread hardship and famine. Over the following decades, about 20% of Iceland's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the USA.

The 1973 eruption on the island of Heimaey is an example of ongoing volcanic activity. With heroic efforts the people of Iceland were able to save the town of Vestmannaeyjar (pronounced: "take-a-guess") and the country's most important fishing port.

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Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

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