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Measurements for Memory & Storage |
The following table shows the prefixes/multipliers of BYTES Increases are in units of approximately 1000 (actually 1024). See: EXPLANATION |
1 bit (binary digit*) = the value of 0 or 1 |
8 bits = 1 byte |
1024 bytes = 1 kilobyte |
1024 kilobytes = 1 megabyte |
1024 megabytes = 1 gigabyte |
1024 gigabytes = 1 terabyte |
1024 terabytes = 1 petabyte |
Abbreviations |
1 kilobyte = 1 k |
1 megabyte = 1 MB |
1 gigabyte = 1 GB |
1 terabyte = 1 TB |
1 petabyte = 1 PB |
Size in "bytes" |
Kilobyte (KB) = 1,024 |
Megabyte (MB) = 1,048,576 |
Gigabyte (GB) = 1,073,741,824 |
Terabyte (TB) = 1,099,511,627,776 |
Petabyte (PB) = 1,125,899,906,842,624 |
EXPLANATIONS and NOTES The Decimal System is a base 10 number system that uses ten digits (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9). 1000 is attained as follows: 1 x10 = 10 x 10 = 100 x 10 = 1000 (kilo)
The Binary System is a base 2 number system that uses only two (bi) numbers or digits (0 and 1) to represent all values.
A "2 gig hard drive" means the drive holds "2 gigabytes" (2,147,483,648 bytes).
Just one CD can hold 650 MB, so 2 GB could be filled with about 3 CD's. |
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