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North to Alaska!
When the Japanese invaded the Aleutian Islands during World War II, it emphasized the necessity of a road to the north. The 2450 km / 1522 mile long Alaska Highway was built in 1942 following a line of air bases through Canada into Alaska.
In the course of the war, some 8000 planes were ferried to Fairbanks along this route, where they were picked up by Russian pilots and flown into action on the Siberian front. This was just one of the ways to get supplies to the besieged country.
In its early days, the highway was rather hard on vehicles, and it became known as the "junkyard of the American automobile". Today it is an all-weather highway travelled by buses and thousands of tourists.
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Library: Arctic, Industry/Military
Links: Arctic, Cold Places
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?