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Wartime Convoy to Murmansk

During the Second World War, brave British and American sailors manned Arctic convoys carrying vital war materials to the Russian port of Murmansk.

This trip within the Arctic Circle was one of the most hazardous and uncomfortable of the convoy routes. The crews faced harsh and treacherous conditions as ice and gale-force storms made life on board almost unbearable. Click for more information.

Even day-to-day tasks were potentially life-threatening. Ice that built up on the upper part of the ship had to be removed to keep all machinery functioning and prevent it from capsizing. Crews not only faced the brutal weather and the risk of slipping into the icy waters, but the convoys were also under constant attack from German-occupied Norway.

Ships could not risk stopping for any call of "man overboard".

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Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

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