|Athropolis HOME | Maps | Arctic Links | Arctic Library
Otto Sverdrup: Claims Canadian Islands
During an 1898-1902 Arctic expedition, Norwegian explorer Otto Sverdrup, using Fridtjof Nansen's crush-resistant ship, the Fram, discovered three islands in what is now the Canadian territory of Nunavut. He promptly claimed them for his own country.
This discovery stunned the Canadian government. Britain's possessions in the far north had been transferred to Canada in 1880, and it was thought that the whole area was "sewn up".
Having a Norwegian announce the discovery of new lands in Canada's ice-bound north was an embarrassment - Sverdrup was even pushing his own government to send patrols over to police the islands to demonstrate that they were "Norwegian".
This was a complication that Canada did not want, so Sverdrup was paid $67,000, supposedly for his original maps and journals. The real reason, of course, was so Norway would not challenge Canada's sovereignty in the Arctic archipelego. Canada simply bought the islands back.
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Countries/Places
Exploration, Explorers, Boats/Ships/Subs
Links: Arctic, Boats & Ships
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?