Athropolis HOME   |   Maps   |   Arctic Links   |   Arctic Library
Click to go HOME
From our library of things you should know about the Arctic


Oil Pumped Out of Ground - and Into Ocean?

Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, is a US port on the Beaufort Sea (about 250 miles / 400 km north of the Arctic Circle) that is known for its nearby oil reserves.

The entire developed area covers about 350 sq. miles / 900 sq. km of the North Slope - a flat, tundra plain that extends north from Alaska's Brooks mountain range to the Arctic Ocean and west from the Canadian border to the Chukchi Sea.

Prudhoe Bay oil does not lie in underground "pools". The liquid is trapped with gas in the pores of the rocks and it flows under its own pressure. It's like opening a bottle of pop - when the cap is popped, the gas escapes upward and brings liquid with it. The gas also brings up oil and water.

Once oil is processed, it is sent to pump stations at the beginning of the Trans Alaska Pipeline. The pipleine crosses the entire state of Alaska, from Prudhoe Bay on the Beaufort Sea to Valdez on the Gulf of Alaska.

All wellheads and pumping stations are built on gravel pads to prevent damage to the tundra, and great concern is taken to not damage the fragile Arctic environment. However, accidents happen - in 1989, the tanker Exxon Valdez spilled nearly 11 million gallons / 42 million liters of North Slope oil into the waters of Prince William Sound.

As the Arctic opens up to industry, great care will have to be taken to assure that pollution does not damage the environment even more, and that pristine areas stay that way.

MORE...
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Industry/Military
Environment/Atmosphere
Links: Arctic, Environment
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports


Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

Search for more on this topic...from Athropolis!
(1) Click the button for Web (below) to search the World Wide Web
(2) Click button for
WWW.ATHROPOLIS.COM to search this web site

 
Web WWW.ATHROPOLIS.COM
Icy Cold Jokes | Icy Games | E-mail | Athropolis HOME
Copyright 2005 Athropolis Productions Limited. The content of web sites that this site has links
to is the property of their respective owners, and Athropolis is not responsible for their content.